Cohesive Device Errors in Academic IELTS Writing Task 2

  • Trung Thi Nguyen Quang Nam University
Keywords: cohesive devices, errors, causes, Academic IELTS writing


One criterion used to assess IELTS writing task 2 is ‘cohesion and coherence’. Cohesion refers to the use of cohesive devices to make connections between ideas in the text, which, in turn, contributes to the coherence of the text as a whole. This paper presents the results of cohesive device error analysis of English major students’ Academic IELTS writing based on Halliday and Hasan’s (1976) framework. This framework provides a model for identifying errors in the use of grammatical ties, which include reference, substitution, ellipsis and conjunctions; and lexical ties, which consist of reiteration and collocation. The research presented in this paper will not only help teachers recognize common cohesive device errors and, therefore, aid their teaching, but enable IELTS candidates to take into account these errors and, in doing so, avoid making such mistakes when producing their own Academic IELTS writing task 2 as well. It will also provide them with insights into the appropriate use of cohesive devices, which they can use to connect their own ideas and achieve a higher score for ‘cohesion and coherence’ in their IELTS writing test.

How to Cite
Nguyen, T. (2018). Cohesive Device Errors in Academic IELTS Writing Task 2. VietTESOL International Convention Proceedings, 199-215. Retrieved from